Your Skin – How to Prevent Sun Damage

Your Skin – How to Prevent Sun Damage

Category : Beauty

How to prevent sun damage for your skin

The sun, which we cannot do without, is a source of light and necessary for life on our planet. Over the years there has been an ever-increasing awareness of how the sun can affect our health. There are a number of benefits, but there is also a negative side, where the sun can cause damage and accelerate ageing. Luckily there are things you can do to help prevent sun damage to your skin.

First, let’s have a look at a few of the actual benefits the sun can give us:

  • The most common benefit known is that sunlight helps to boost vitamin D levels in the body. Most times a deficiency in vitamin D can be directly linked to a lack of sun exposure. This is why it is recommended for those who live in cloudy and cold regions, to take a supplement instead.
  • Getting enough sunlight and therefore vitamin D can be linked to reduced blood pressure and a lower instance of heart disease.
  • The sunlight is important in regulating the sleep-wake cycle of the body, also known as the Circadian Rhythm.
  • Spending time in the sun can also help with issues like depression

As you can see, we need the sun to stay healthy, but over the years due to the deterioration of the ozone layer, it has become a bit more dangerous to expose our skin to the sun.  So, how can we prevent sun damage to our skin?

90% of skin damage is caused by sun exposure

Prevention of sun damage

Staying out of the sun is the best way to protect yourself, but this is just not going to happen. The best way to stay out of the sun would be to try and avoid going outside on those hot summer days during the hottest part of the day. This would mean staying out of the sun during midday because this is when the UV rays are at their strongest.

One of the first things that occur when in the sun too long, is the not too pleasant sunburn. This means that the skin cells are actually damaged, and over time can become dry, flaky and make your skin look older than it actually is. The worst-case scenario for skin damage would be skin cancer. This has become a very common kind of cancer and can be prevented by looking after your skin properly.

Types of skin cancer:

The skin is noticeably different from the rest of your body, if you notice something odd about a certain spot on your skin, have it checked out. You will get spots, moles and blemishes on your skin, these are damaged areas of skin and are usually harmless. The best thing to do, to keep it this way, is to regularly keep checking your skin. There is a rule that you can follow, which can help you decide if you should have that spot checked out or not.

The rule is simple, just follow A, B, C, D

A: Look for spots that are asymmetrical, this means that it is not perfectly round in shape.

B: Take this further and see if the borders are uneven

C: Unusual colouring and uneven colour is a good indication for you to have it checked out.

D: Take note if the spot is bigger than 7mm

There are different types of skin cancer, these include:

  • Basal Cell Carcinoma, the most common form of cancer
  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma
  • Nodular Melanoma

 

Dr Rodney Aziz Types of skin cancer

What can you do to prevent sun damage

  • Always make sure to put on some sunscreen before going outside every day. Have a look at the daily moisturisers, which can also contain sunscreen. There are many brands and types of sunscreens out there, from lotions to sprays and roll-ons. The sunscreen should contain at least an SPF of 30. There are those that are higher and therefore offer even better protection.
  • If you are going to the beach or are going to be outside for long periods, try to avoid the hottest times. This would be from 10 am to 3 pm.
  • You could also wear protective clothing and hats when going outside.
  • Your eyes can also be damaged, so remember to wear sunglasses

 

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